Saturday, November 22, 2008

A Personal Hosted Confluence Wiki for Free

I had been searching for a way to use Confluence as a personal wiki for me and my wife. I couldn't find a cheap hosted solution where I could just get an account for 2 people on an instance of Confluence maintained by someone else. I also didn't really want to pay a hosting company like Linode or Slicehost $20 a month for my own virtual machine on which I'd have to install and maintain Confluence myself.

Recently I heard about Morph Labs which describes themselves as a Platform as a Service (PaaS). They offer free hosting accounts that give you up to a 1GB database. I immediately got the idea to try running the personal edition of Confluence on this service. Eventually I got it working, but the process to get up and running was not at all easy. In fact, I struggled for serveral nights.

The rest of this post documents the process I went through. I hope it will help someone else avoid the many hours I spent learning how to work within Morph AppSpace with a third-party Java web application. Good luck, and if you have any tips or corrections, please comment and I'll update this post.

Start by signing up for a Morph AppSpace account with Morph Labs. Create a new subscription and setup a new database for that subscription. Be sure to choose Java, not the default Ruby on Rails, when setting up your subscription. Choose PostgreSQL for your database as this seems to work best with Confluence. Once your subscription is setup, download the Properties File,, and Deployment Jar File, morph-deploy.jar, that can be found in the Java Tools for Morph AppSpace Deployment section.

Next, go get your free license for personal Confluence. It allows you to register 2 users. Hold on to that license text. You'll need to activate Confluence once it is installed. Then download the latest version of Confluence which is currently 2.9.2.

Unpack the file you downloaded somewhere on your computer. Inside, you should find an edit-webapp directory. Any files you need to modify should get copied into this directory. The contents of this directory get overlayed on top of the contents of the eventual Confluence WAR file that you're going to build, so make sure to adhere to the standard WAR directory structure. The whole purpose of the edit-webapp directory is to keep your local changes separate from the distribution so when it comes time to upgrade Confluence, you can just replace it and you'll know what you had to modify.

Copy confluence/WEB-INF/classes/ to edit-webapp/WEB-INF/classes/
Edit the copied, specifying the home dir as /var/java/ where APP_NAME is whatever name you chose as your subdomain at Morph. For example, if your domain is, then your home directory path would be /var/java/family-wiki.

Copy confluence/WEB-INF/web.xml into edit-webapp/WEB-INF/web.xml.
Edit web.xml adding the jdbc datasource:

<description>Morphlabs Datasource</description>
<!-- any name will do for the res-ref-name -->

and the JavaMail session:

<description>Morphlabs Mail Session</description>
<!-- any name will do for the res-ref-name -->

I had to disable Confluence's JMX-based monitoring because of problems registering MBeans. This isn't a big deal since, for a personal instance of Confluence, I don't really have any need to monitor performance and gather statistics. This web page explained how to disable JMX. Download jmanageContext.xml from the URL shown on that page. Then, copy jmanageContext.xml into edit-webapp/WEB-INF/classes.

Remove mail.jar and activation.jar from confluence/WEB-INF/lib. Morph AppSpace already includes those in the Jetty server and having an extra copy in your WAR might cause class loader issues that would prevent JavaMail from working properly. This is the only change that you'd have to remember to do again if you were to ever download a new version of Confluence.

Now it is time to build the WAR file. Run ./ which creates dist/confluence-2.9.2.war. If you need to make any changes to any files, be sure to run this build script again.

Download and morph-deploy.jar from your subscription within the Morph Control Panel.


java -Xmx512m -jar morph-deploy.jar --config confluence-2.9.2/dist/confluence-2.9.2.war

Now, sit back, relax, and wait while your WAR is being uploaded and deployed on Morph AppSpace. This could take up to 15 minutes, so be patient.

Hit and if all went well, you should see a Confluence installation web page. Following the Confluence installation wizard, entering your personal license text. Choose Custom Installation, External Database, Connect via a Datasource.
Enter java:comp/env/jdbc/morph-ds as the datasource.

Confluence takes a long time to setup the database, so the page may appear to hang. Each time I tried this (I had to try many times before figuring all this out), the page timed out. I don't know if something went wrong or Morph AppSpace just has a time limit on waiting for a page to render. Even though the page timed out and I saw some kind of "Proxy error" message, the database still seems to have been initialized properly, but the application wasn't able to recover. I had to go into the Morph Control Panel to restart the application. Once I did that, Confluence was up and running!

Coming soon to this post: Setting up a mail server and using Groovy and XML-RPC to perform a daily backup of your confluence data.


Alain said...

Thanks for sharing, Ken!

Alain said...

Thank God for feedback!

It's a good thing you never gave up setting up Confluence on the Morph AppSpace and also for sharing your experience on your blog. This will go a long way as a learning experience for us, too Ken!

Alain Yap
Morph Labs

Ken said...

You're very welcome Alain. Thank you for providing Morph AppSpace which seems very promising. I plan to transfer a Facebook app I wrote to Morph AppSpace soon...

Anonymous said...

Hey Ken, how is it possible to save attachments on this confluence/morphexchange combination? My Confluence always crashes with a big NullPointer Exception. I tried every attachment setting, nothing. I find it great to run a confluence but without attachment storage it is useless for me sometimes. Please comment, would be great, Thanks!

Ken said...

I don't think I did anything special to support attachments, but I recall that it worked. I actually let my Confluence app expire because Morph required me to deploy the app frequently to keep it active (and free). I have since switched to Google Sites to implement my personal wiki. Though I love Confluence, Google Sites actually provided me with enough functionality and I don't have to maintain anything! :)

Anonymous said...

Hi Ken, I didn't know that morph forces you to reactivate the account from time to time but I expected something like this... I am now trying to setup DokuWiki which has "confluence-feeling" with the "influence"-theme and some other plugins. Especially access control to spaces and sites seem to work pretty good. I will have a look at GoogleSites also but am always unhappy saving personal data inside a google App... because its Google. Thx!

Manuel Geier said...


I managed everything until the point where i had to build the .war-file
I already installed Maven, but the builder said that it is not the right pom.xml for this project.
I downloaded the latest version of Confluence. (Do I need to download the source code for this??)
I also haven't found the ./ ..

Can you help me?


Daniel said...

Hi Ken, I can't find Morph AppSpace - is this service around any more? Thanks, Daniel.

Ken said...

Daniel, Morph Labs is still around: However Appspace seems to be gone. Maybe they renamed the service. I suggest checking with Morph Labs directly. I ended up ditching Confluence and moving to Google Sites for my personal wiki.

JetForMe said...

The Morph AppSpace product seems to exist no more. Can you tell me what the new equivalent is? Thanks!

Anonymous said...

Don't know for sure, but perhaps Morph's mCloud On-Demand is the closest equivalent, but it seems you have to pay for the Amazon cloud resources you use.

Logansan Oh said...


I have tried this on: which is the new incarnation of app space.
It doesnt work, I get an authentication error when running the last part:

java -Xmx512m -jar morph-deploy.jar --config confluence-2.9.2/dist/confluence-2.9.2.war

Getting upload credential.
ph.mor.deploy.core.MorphException: Authentication unsuccessful. Server responded
with code [403] and body [

Access denied

at ph.mor.deploy.core.impl.MorphEngine.getResponse(

at ph.mor.deploy.core.impl.MorphEngine.getVerifier(

at ph.mor.deploy.core.impl.MorphEngine.getAccessToken(
at ph.mor.deploy.core.impl.MorphEngine.signRequest(

at ph.mor.deploy.core.impl.MorphEngine.getResponse(

at ph.mor.deploy.core.impl.MorphEngine.getUploadCredential(MorphEngine.j
at ph.mor.deploy.core.MorphTask.deploy(
at ph.mor.deploy.cli.Deployer.start(
at ph.mor.deploy.cli.Deployer.main(

Have you been playing with since this post (sorry, I realise its old!!)

john said...

its so nice info.thanks ken for sharing this post.

CKNY said...

As you seem to have switched from Confluence to Google Sites, I am just wondering how your experience is?
I used Confluence for years and am on Google Sites now as well. Mainly for cost reasons. However, I don't think GS can match up to Confluence. So what's your experience?

Ken said...

CKNY, Confluence is much better than Google Sites, but as a free hosted solution, Google Sites is definitely good enough for a simple family wiki. I just hope they don't shut it down eventually.